Posted by Christy Williams on December 27th, 2016
Great lessons are like savory recipes; they require specific ingredients combined in an explicit manner to deliver desired results. Lesson plans represent the recipe for learning success. As with most baking recipes, there are base ingredients that must be incorporated for the desired results. The basic ingredients of lesson plans include objectives, materials, instruction delivery plans, and assessments. Additional components can be added to make your lessons more appetizing, or engaging, for your students.
- S.W.B.A.T. – SWBAT is the acronym for Students Will Be Able To. It represents the objectives for mastery that students will achieve by the completion of the lesson. Post SWBAT in a highly visible area each day. You may even opt to include it in multiple locations throughout the room as a constant reminder of their goals for the day.
- Materials – List the materials that you will need for instruction. Also provide a list of materials that students may need to gather in advance of instruction. In some cases, it may be necessary to provide this list in advance.
- Hook – Your hook is an introduction that will peak the students’ interest into the day’s lesson. It can be something as simple as the playing of a song, reading of a poem or a hands-on activity that can connect to the lesson. Your hook should close with a brief introduction of the day’s objective.
- I Do – I Do is the portion of the lesson where you deliver direct instruction and modeling of the skill for the day. Your delivery should cover the basic definitions, provide examples and show practice for the concept.
- We Do – After you have demonstrated the concept, spend time reviewing the steps and practicing with students. Allow students to practice the skills with peers as well. This can be done whole group to boost student confidence. A secondary option for the “We Do” segment is to divide the students into learning groups based on skill level or learning style. Meet with each group to review or extend the lesson that you previously modeled.
- You Do – Provide students an opportunity to practice the concepts independently during the “You Do” part of the lesson. Walk around, observe the students’ progress and answer any additional questions they may have.
- Closing – Once the students have had practice time, bring everyone back together for a summary of the lesson and activities. Mention how the knowledge gained in the lesson will be helpful in understanding future concepts or be relevant in real life areas.
- Exit Ticket – Have students complete a brief exit ticket containing one to three questions. Use the exit tickets as informal assessments of student understanding.
The lesson plan above contains all of the required basics for instructional delivery and can be applied to any subject content area. Through the practice portions of the lessons students are able to demonstrate their understanding multiple times within a given period. You may also notice an increase in comprehension over the course of instruction due to a concrete teaching plan.
Holiday baking is over but you can still create delicious classroom learning by following lesson plans that deliver success. Incorporating the basic ingredients will ensure that the information is covered. Adding additional components such as a hook and various practice opportunities allow the students to be pulled into the lesson for a more rounded approach. Create lessons that are student focused and relevant to keep them engaged and maximize achievement.